Evolution of matter

Written by Vadim Smolyanov and Valentina Smolyanova


Continued from page 1

Chapter II. Evolution of alive matter

The following significant period of evolution (about 3-4 billion years ago) was occurrence of alive matter which incorporates variety of a lifeless matter. Atrepparttar first sight, an organism and mentality of animals continued to evolve by means of lifeless matter principles from simple to complex with inherent in all alive aspiration to reproduction and self-preservation. Taxis (knacks of spatial orientation aside favorable or from adverse conditions of environment, for example, turn of plants according to daily movement ofrepparttar 110126 sun or change of elementary organisms movement depending on a chemical compound of environment) of monocelled developed in conditional and unconditioned reflexes (response of an organism to irritation) of multicellular, reflexes ofrepparttar 110127 elementary were transformed to complex instincts (the genetic incorporated programme of actions is started at concrete external conditions) of insects. And, at last, atrepparttar 110128 supreme animals we notice abilities to training andrepparttar 110129 decision of simple tasks, for example use of boxes byrepparttar 110130 monkey for bananas gotten. The basic direction of mentality evolution and of organism evolution is considered increase of ability to fast adaptation at fast environment changes. Because of it is considered mammals are more advanced than, for example, insects. Id like to not agree with this thesis. In a counterbalance of mammal ability to training and abilities of separate bodies to change ofrepparttar 110131 functions without genetic changes at insects is an opportunity under adverse conditions to be long time in an embryon or to be exposed to a genetic mutation due to fast alternation of generations. We can mark from it that all animals and all flora is perfect essences and evolution completeness organisms. We can observe completeness in monocelled colonies, in behaviour of plenty bees or supreme animals. The biosphere of our planet during evolution has gotten a homeostasis (the medical term designating balanced harmony of an organism). We shall designate two principles of biosphere homeostasis. The first principle is a principle of "narrow specialisation". Almost all kinds of an animal and flora specialise on rather narrow segment of food or inhabitancy, for example, being divided on herbivores and carnivorous. Withrepparttar 110132 help of it steadily-renewable ecological circuits are built. The second principle is "return proportionality between adaptability and ability to breeding". This principle does not allow to breed, for example, to large predators and to destroy all of herbivores. There is one more principle - "the god does not give horns forrepparttar 110133 butting cow". The nature does not give superadvantage in bodies (powerful canines, claws or horns) and abilities (speed of movement, etc.). That can break a homeostasis (this principle can be related torepparttar 110134 first because additional abilities expand "specialisation"). The evolution shaped these principles during billions years. So biosphere as against a lifeless matter includesrepparttar 110135 variety and forms unity through a homeostasis. The alive matter shows integrity atrepparttar 110136 top level uniting variety ofrepparttar 110137 bottom level of system. Or otherwiserepparttar 110138 aspiration to variety atrepparttar 110139 bottom level is appeared in unity atrepparttar 110140 top level.

E-mail: vsmolyanov@yahoo.com URL: www.chelovek-center.ru

It is the part of article. The article contains the concept of person development on the basis of traditional religions and modern achievements in the world of science.


Can sustainable development work? What then will be the impact on business and what will be the impact on the environment?

Written by Ronald Munro


Continued from page 1

Now, ontorepparttar idea that sustainable development can work for this environment andrepparttar 110125 entire planet. You have many people all ready starting to seerepparttar 110126 impacts we have onrepparttar 110127 environment. There are many groups and businesses and governments, which are working towards this goal. The groups are working to getrepparttar 110128 politicians to bring about more regulations and laws to help protectrepparttar 110129 natural environment andrepparttar 110130 entire planet.

By starting with smaller portions ofrepparttar 110131 human population such as communities and cities, we can slowly work towards sustainable states and countries and eventuallyrepparttar 110132 entire planet. Some businesses are helping by means of recycling, using less resources, cutting pollution and a host of other environmentally sound practices.

The United States is one ofrepparttar 110133 fore runners in this struggle, to changerepparttar 110134 way humans interact withrepparttar 110135 natural environment. More and more political leaders are stepping up torepparttar 110136 plate and doing their part to bring about positive change. Recently President Bush unveiled plans on reducing global warming and pollution, which is first meant to stop these effects and then reverse them.

Sound scientist are stepping up and reporting on sound scientific facts about environmental issues such as greenhouse gases, pollution, El Nino and any other environmental conditions, that are destroying our natural environment, which in turn will lead torepparttar 110137 destruction of our entire planet.

As more people are educated to what is happening torepparttar 110138 natural environment and learn that werepparttar 110139 humans of this planet arerepparttar 110140 ones responsible forrepparttar 110141 depletion and destruction ofrepparttar 110142 natural environment, then that isrepparttar 110143 more people who will help inrepparttar 110144 struggle to maintain and fix what has happened and sustainable development will become a complete reality.

One ofrepparttar 110145 main concepts of sustainable development that must be understood and practiced by every human is stewardship, because like it or not we arerepparttar 110146 stewards ofrepparttar 110147 entire planets environment.

The impact of sustainable development working is thatrepparttar 110148 businesses will continue to function and grow and they will have customers to buy their products andrepparttar 110149 resources to produce them. The impact of sustainable development working forrepparttar 110150 environment is obvious. If werepparttar 110151 inhabitants of this natural environment take care of it,repparttar 110152 natural environment will continue to take care of us and we will not perish or have to move to another planet.

Instead of asking if sustainable development will work or not we need to look atrepparttar 110153 facts of do we need it to work or not. I believe that it has been shown that we have no choice in this matter we either make sustainable development work or we will perish from our own lack of effort and humanity will be no more.

BBA student @ Northwood University


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