Earthworm Friends in the Garden

Written by Marilyn Pokorney

Continued from page 1

One pound of worms can convert one pound of pig manure into compost in 48 hours!

Worms consume three times their weight a week or more. Red wrigglers are very active, reproduce quickly and consume their own body weight of waste every 24 hours. Therefore ten pounds of worms will eat ten pounds of waste in 24 hours!

Worm castings provide a rich source of a variety of essential plant nutrients.

Microbial activity in worm castings is 10 to 20 times higher than inrepparttar soil and organic matter thatrepparttar 145187 worm ingests."

How to use worm castings:

When planting vegetable and annuals linerepparttar 145188 rows and holes with about two inches of castings. About every eight weeks side dressrepparttar 145189 plants with one-half cup of castings per plant or one cup per foot of row.

For perennials work one-half cup of castings intorepparttar 145190 soil inrepparttar 145191 spring, middle of summer, and early fall.

For pots and hanging baskets add one-half inch castings torepparttar 145192 top and water in. Then reapply every eight weeks.

Roses appreciate four cups of castings per plant.

If starting a new lawn add 15 pounds of casting per 100 square feet when sowing. Once established use seven pounds per 100 square feet.

For more information about vermicompost and castings visit:

Marilyn Pokorney Freelance writer of science, nature, animals and the environment. Also loves crafts, gardening, and reading. Website:

Patio Ponds

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Continued from page 1
Consider adding a variety of plant species. Depending onrepparttar depth of your tub, place pots of plants either onrepparttar 145186 bottom or on bricks to achieverepparttar 145187 proper depth. Floating plants such as duckweed also can be added. Floating plants reducerepparttar 145188 amount of sunlight that entersrepparttar 145189 water, which helps reducerepparttar 145190 growth of algae. When adding potted plants, place a layer of stones on top ofrepparttar 145191 soil before settingrepparttar 145192 pots inrepparttar 145193 water. This will help holdrepparttar 145194 soil in place and help prevent any fish from "digging" intorepparttar 145195 pots. If you live in a cold climate, consider what you will do withrepparttar 145196 tub garden inrepparttar 145197 winter. Small tubs can be moved inside if a suitable location is available. Other tubs may need to be drained to prevent damage from freezing. Caution: Use caution and take security measures if small children have access to your pond. Even small tub gardens can be hazardous. If you intend to have a fountain or waterfall, be sure a grounded electrical outlet is available.

Above all, have fun. Water gardens provide habitat for wildlife, but also can be an enjoyable hobby for you and your family.

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