Developing Communication Skills for Students

Written by Lieutenant Colonel Anil Kumar Nigam

Continued from page 1

Most oral presentations, regardless of their length, can be divided into two to five main points. Five is aboutrepparttar maximum number of points from one talk that listeners can be expected to remember.

You cannot speak well unless

·You have prepared well. There is no short cut here. ·Are confident which comes through depth of knowledge. ·Have faith in audience. If you assume they are going to laugh at you in any case, you can not sound good ·A rehearsal will help in boosting up confidence. ·Write points on which you are going to speak. It will not be a good idea to mug uprepparttar 143321 things you are going to say. It does not leave ant flexibility with you and if you forget you know what you will face.

Points to Consider

·Body Movements. Control your unnecessary body and hand movements. Movements must be to support what you are saying and should be used to make gesture. ·Eye Contact It is considered as one ofrepparttar 143322 most important factors of nonverbal communication. Nothing will enhance your delivery more than effective eye contact with your audience. Eye contact is important for three reasons. First, it letsrepparttar 143323 listeners know that you are interested in them. Most people like others to look at them when talking. Second, effective eye contact allows you to receive nonverbal feedback from your audience. With good eye contact, you can gaugerepparttar 143324 effect of your remarks. You can determine if you are being understood and which points are making an impact and which are not. You will be able to detect signs of poor understanding and signs thatrepparttar 143325 listeners are losing interest. Then you can adjust your rate of delivery or emphasis. Humor. Humor is of great use in breaking monotony and to drawrepparttar 143326 attention ofrepparttar 143327 audience. Do not use it in isolation and it try to bring it naturally inrepparttar 143328 flow and commensurate with what you are to deliver ·Intelligibility. What you are saying should make sense to those listening and not only to you. It will be better to take an independent view from some of your friends. ·Statistical and Visual Support. It will be more convincing if you can support of some valid data, best if you can support with some paper cuttings, photographs or even with video clippings. ·Time Management. Managing to restrict yourself to time limit will probably require a little rehearsal. Just keep an eye onrepparttar 143329 watch or may be use one of your friends to prompt you aboutrepparttar 143330 time. ·Use of Voice as discussed already in first chapter it is better to use heavy voice for which you have to practice. Make it a habit to use heavy voice as a routine it will help you. ·Give enough pauses and repeat important points. You should not be too quick to speak, give time for things to be digested byrepparttar 143331 audience and repeat if you feel it necessary. ·Overuse of pet words such as "OK," "like,'' and ''you know'' should be avoided. These expressions serve no positive communicative function and only convey a lack of originality byrepparttar 143332 speaker.

There are two most Important points that should not be forgotten

·Key is to make it interactive so that it does not become monotonous. They do not loose interest because they are involved in it ·And Just “KISS” (Keep it Simple Stupid)

A word about Gestures

Gestures should form an essential part ofrepparttar 143333 act and should look natural and should be used to support your point. Gestures may be used to clarify or emphasize ideas. By gestures we meanrepparttar 143334 purposeful use ofrepparttar 143335 hands, arms, shoulders, and head to reinforce what is being said. Fidgeting with a paper clip, rearranging and shuffling papers, and scratching your ear are not gestures. They are not purposeful and they distract fromrepparttar 143336 verbal message. Placing both hands in your pockets, or behind your back, or in front of you in a fig leaf position severely limits their use for gesturing. Holding your shoulders and head in one position duringrepparttar 143337 talk will also rob you of an effective means of strengthening your communication.

Although gestures can be perfected through practice, they will be most effective if you make a conscious effort to relax your muscles before you speak, perhaps by taking a few short steps or unobtrusively arranging your notes. Effective gestures are complete and vigorous. Many speakers begin to gesture, but perhaps out of fear, they do not carry through and their gestures abort. Comedians get laughs fromrepparttar 143338 audience by timing gestures improperly. A gesture that comes afterrepparttar 143339 word or phrase is spoken appears ludicrous. Good gestures should come exactly atrepparttar 143340 time or slightly beforerepparttar 143341 point is made verbally. Poor timing results from attempting to "can" or preplan gestures. Finally, good gestures are versatile. A stereotyped gesture will not fit all subjects and situations. Furthermore,repparttar 143342 largerrepparttar 143343 audience,repparttar 143344 more pronouncedrepparttar 143345 gestures would need to be. As with all aspects of communication, gestures must fitrepparttar 143346 situation. You should not adopt a dynamic, forceful mode of delivery if by nature you are quiet and reserved. As with movement, gestures should spring from within. Effective gestures are both natural and spontaneous. Observe persons talking with each other in a small group. You should try to approximaterepparttar 143347 same naturalness and spontaneity of gestures when you are speaking. Suggestions for Nervous Speakers

Considerrepparttar 143348 following suggestions for coping with nervousness.

Enthusiasm isrepparttar 143349 key when practice is over and you are ready to deliverrepparttar 143350 talk. At times you may talk on subjects that you find dull, but as you get more involved,repparttar 143351 subject becomes more interesting. There is no such thing as a dull subject, only dull speakers. It is important to be enthusiastic about your subject, because enthusiasm can replace fear. Andrepparttar 143352 more enthusiastic you are aboutrepparttar 143353 subject,repparttar 143354 more involvedrepparttar 143355 audience will be both with you and what you are saying. Hold good thoughts toward your audience. The listeners inrepparttar 143356 audience arerepparttar 143357 same ones that you enjoy speaking with in a less structured environment. Most audiences are made up of warm human beings with an interest in what you have to say. They rarely boo or throw vegetables. Most listeners have great empathy for speakers and want them to do a good job.

Do not rush as you begin to speak. Many speakers are so anxious to get started that they begin before they are really ready. The little extra time taken to arrange your notes will generally pay big dividends. When you are ready to begin, look at various parts ofrepparttar 143358 audience, take a deep breath, and begin to speak.

Writing and Reading. Enough has been said on these subjects in chapter one.

Author has 28 years of experience in the field of Teaching and Management. He is M. Tech from IIT Kanpur and has worked in different capacities including Signal corps Indian Army, Regional Manager for a Telecom Company. Currently he is Associate Professor with ITM, Gurgaon that is rated as best Engineering colleges of North India.

Letting Go of Control

Written by Suzanne Falter-Barns

Continued from page 1

It's a paradox, really. For without this openness, you cannot attractrepparttar people who are meant to help you spread or receive your work. Without this openness, you can't expand your power to berepparttar 143320 greater you. And without it, you certainly can't tap intorepparttar 143321 full extent of your creative juices.

Part of this I attribute to working with my partner, Ryan Brown, who is 19, wildly optimistic, equally guided, and wonderfully willing to try anything creatively. And part I attribute to my very supportive husband, Larry, who doesn't even fully 'get' this work yet, but who stills sees how extremely happy it makes me ... and so is my emotional rock.

This musical, which I wrote about in Joy Letter 119 ( ), has caused me to muster up my courage and becomerepparttar 143322 thousand per cent authentic version of me. And that, dear friends, isrepparttar 143323 glorious bi-product of opening your heart. You grow, you reap, and you enjoy.

Here are a few things to ask yourself as you assess just how open your own heart is these days. Take out a journal, and contemplate these questions when you have some quiet time. This is your chance to see how much further you can go with your own dream.

1. Where are you holding back on your dream?

2. What arerepparttar 143324 sources of your fear?

3. If you had a different life, what would be your primary work every day?

4. What would have to be different in your life at this time to make that happen?

5. Answer honestly: what could you change overrepparttar 143325 next six months to make your dream work a greater priority.

6. Who's permission are you waiting for to get going?

7. What are your biggest fears about fully surrendering to your dream?

8. What would life be like once you fully surrendered to your dream? (Be specific.)

Suzanne Falter-Barns is an internationally known author and speaker who's work has been featured in Woman's Day, SELF, More, Fitness, and more than 100 radio and TV shows. Pick up her free article, '36 Guaranteed Time Savers' at To reprint this article, please use with this bio box intact. Thanks! ©2005 Suzanne Falter-Barns LLC.

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