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To divide a daylily clump, cut into soil around plant with a spade and then lift entire clump out of soil with a garden fork. To separate plant into individual fans (a grouping of leaves with roots attached), shake it to remove as much soil as possible. If necessary, use a hose to wash away excess soil, then work roots apart into good-sized clumps of 3 - 4 fans each. You should replant new divisions as soon as possible, however, they should be able to survive for several days if protected from heat and sun.
Pest and Disease Prevention: Daylilies are usually free from pests and diseases. Aphids and thrips sometimes feed on flower buds. These pests can be easily controlled with insecticidal soaps, dishwashing liquid mixed with water in a spray bottle or simply a strong spray of water.
Landscape Uses: Daylilies are most effective when planted in sweeping drifts or masses. They are attractive in perennial flower border when 3 plants or more of same variety are planted together. They can add great amounts of color to a landscape naturalization project.
Daylilies are also perfect for tough gardening situations. They are salt tolerant, so they do well near coast. When planted on slopes and steep hills, they form a dense mat that helps prevent erosion. Daylilies are even useful in areas prone to brush fires, as their roots are engorged with water and, when planted in mass, can stop a brush fire in its tracks.
Culinary Uses: While most flower gardeners are familiar with daylilies, few know that practically every part of daylily is edible. Daylilies are actually higher in protein and Vitamin C than most of vegetables we eat. Some common ways of eating daylilies include adding fresh buds and blossoms to salads, as well as battering and frying them like squash blossoms. Dried daylily petals, called "golden needles" by Chinese, are an ingredient in many Chinese recipes, including hot-and-sour soup.
Daylilies are adaptable, vigorous perennials that thrive in garden, even when neglected. They are easy to establish and multiply quickly. They are virtually pest- and disease-free. They even taste good. Go out and find a sunny spot in your garden to add a new daylily. You will quickly discover why daylilies are one of flower gardener's favorite plants.
About the Author: Sherri Allen is the editor of an award-winning website devoted to topics such as family, food, garden, house&home and money. For free articles, information, tips, recipes, reviews and coloring pages, visit http://www.SherriAllen.com/