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Exercise: Dachshunds need a reasonable level of exercise to keep fit. They should be kept on a lead when out in public, as their natural hunting instincts will probably cause them to run off. It is best to avoid unnecessary strain on their backs, such as excessive running up and down stairs.
Feeding: Dachshunds tend to eat almost anything they are given and can easily become overweight.
History: The name 'Dachshund' originates from German word 'dachs' meaning badger. Being a short legged breed makes them ideal for going into burrows. Their shortened legs are believed to have evolved through mutation of genes. The Wire-Haired variety came about through cross-breeding with Dandie Dinmont lines and Long-Haired variety was developed through crosses with German Stoberhunds.
The miniature Dachshund variety are replicas of standard breed, except for difference in size. Their smaller size was developed so they could easily get into rabbit burrows. In past all varieties of Dachshunds suffered from severe back problems because there was a tendancy to breed for longer backs, without structural build being taken into account. These days breeds are much healthier and in proportion, but it is a good idea to buy from an experienced breeder. The Smooth-Haired Dachshund is original type of this dog family. The Wire-Haired and Long-Haired types were produced when Smooth-Haired was crossed with other breeds.
This article provided courtesy of http://www.dooziedog.com/dog_breeds/dachshund/