Comparison of Medieval and Renaissance Marriage Customs.

Written by Cyd Klein

Continued from page 1

Formal consummation may or may not have taken place afterrepparttar ceremony it depending uponrepparttar 122075 age ofrepparttar 122076 bride. Afterrepparttar 122077 ceremony she may have retired with her parents to their home until she became of age.

The Renaissance wedding was also performed in a church. Prior torepparttar 122078 wedding it had to be announced inrepparttar 122079 church on three consecutive Sundays. This allowed time for any objections to be raised beforerepparttar 122080 wedding could take place. The ceremony was probably performed before noon for luck, and included a procession fromrepparttar 122081 bride’s home torepparttar 122082 church accompanied with as much noise and revelry as inrepparttar 122083 medieval wedding ceremony.

Medieval wives were expected to produce male children, and submit to their husband’s authority. They would be instructed from an early age that their gender was weak and sinful and deceitful due torepparttar 122084 first sin by Eve against Adam. The Medieval wife was kept a recluse in her own home. The only choice for women other than marriage was life in a nunnery.

Thy husband is thy lord, thy life, thy keeper, Thy head, thy sovereign; one that cares for thee, And for thy maintenance commits his body To painful labour both by sea and land, To watchrepparttar 122085 night in storms,repparttar 122086 day in cold, Whilst thou liest warm at home, secure and safe; And craves no other tribute at thy hands But love, fair looks and true obedience; Too little payment for so great a debt. (Shakespeare, The Taming ofrepparttar 122087 Shrew 5.2.145-53)

In Renaissance England married women held no political power. Married women could not own property or make contracts; they were completely subjected torepparttar 122088 economic and physical power of their husbands. Renaissance women were told to keep quiet, not discuss political matters and to go about their duties in their husband’s households. The submission ofrepparttar 122089 wife was considered an important part of maintaining household order and therefore order inrepparttar 122090 Commonwealth. Disobedient wives were labeled shrews and could be subject to public punishment devised to humiliate her.

Within his Canterbury Tales, Chaucer writes ofrepparttar 122091 Wife ofrepparttar 122092 Bath’s Prologue. She had met a good Samaritan while she was inrepparttar 122093 company of a man after just burying her fifth husband. The Good Samaritan questions her on having five husbands and being inrepparttar 122094 company of a man not yet her husband. She answers him stating she had first married at twelve years old and now after five husbands does not mean to be “chaste at all costs”. Chaucer endsrepparttar 122095 tale with a humorous excerpt from her... And now to all us women may Christ send Submissive husbands full of youth in bed, And grace to outlive allrepparttar 122096 men we wed. And I pray Jesus to cut shortrepparttar 122097 lives Of those who won’t be governed by their wives; And old ill tempered niggards who hate expense, God promptly bring them down with pestilence!

Inrepparttar 122098 Medieval time if a woman was widowed and there was no childrenrepparttar 122099 women would inherit her husband’s entire estate. In this case Chaucer’s character inrepparttar 122100 Wife ofrepparttar 122101 Bath’s Prologue would have been a rich woman indeed.

Whereas Renaissance widows retained at least 1/3 of their husband’s estates whether there were children or not. Her heirs might not be able to marry until her death becauserepparttar 122102 estate was tied up. If there were no children,repparttar 122103 wife would inheritrepparttar 122104 entire estate, just as in medieval times.

In conclusion there does not appear to be great differences inrepparttar 122105 state of marriage betweenrepparttar 122106 middle ages andrepparttar 122107 Renaissance periods. A look closer can find some similarities between these earlier eras andrepparttar 122108 marriage practices of today. Couples no longer have to get their parents permission, or provide a dowry. However,repparttar 122109 announcement ofrepparttar 122110 future ceremony is done inrepparttar 122111 local paper rather thanrepparttar 122112 church doors. Most ceremonies are done in a religious setting inrepparttar 122113 presence of clergy. There is still a ‘stacked’ wedding cake andrepparttar 122114 Grooms ritual of buying drinks forrepparttar 122115 boys.

Fortunately for womenrepparttar 122116 institution of marriage itself has changed a great deal sincerepparttar 122117 middle ages andrepparttar 122118 Renaissance. Although there is no guarantee of equality in marriages of today, things are a lot better than they were.

Copyright Reserved by Cyd Klein Enterprises

Cyd Klein has 21 years experience sewing for others. Her vocation is designing and manufacturing Costumes which are then marketed locally and on-line at In addition she maintains a Sewing Help site at

Right Hand Diamond Ring

Written by Laura Ciocan

Continued from page 1

Men are also a target for this advertising technique: loving husbands are encouraged to buy a gift for their wives that will flatter not only their need for love proofs but alsorepparttar thought of being valued and respected as an independent person, and not a nice accessory to men or a house decor item. And not only married men should buy right hand rings,repparttar 122074 concept has a wider meaning: it doesn't matter if you are married or not, as long as you are involved in a love relation you should definitely consider buying a right hand ring as a gift!

For years, right hand rings have also been a sign of commitment for gay couples. So, another market segment gained.

All advertising that deals with aspects of human vanity has every chance to succeed, and when addressing to women, it seems thatrepparttar 122075 chances are even bigger. That they prevail in beauty had been established long ago, but now it is not enough any longer as it is not enough merely being accepted intorepparttar 122076 social life. The need appeared for women to be recognized as equal in value to men or even surpassing them. Working more and earning more than ever before, women choose now to putrepparttar 122077 idea that we live in a men's world way behind them. And this intelligent marketing line is apparently indeed a huge success, as sales have been going really high!

Laura Ciocan writes for where you can find more information about diamond engagement rings

Please feel free to use this article in your Newsletter or on your website. If you use this article, please includerepparttar 122078 resource box and send a brief message to let me know where it appeared:

Laura Ciocan writes for where you can find more information about diamond engagement rings

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