Coffee History

Written by Hilda Maria Sigurdardottir

Continued from page 1

Early inrepparttar 17th century, Edward Lloyd's coffee house opens in England. The Dutch becamerepparttar 145482 first to commercially transport coffee. The first Parisian café opens in 1713 and King Louis XIV is presented with a lovely coffee tree. Sugar is first used as an addition to coffee in his court.

The America’s Have Coffee

Coffee plants were introduced inrepparttar 145483 Americas for development. By close torepparttar 145484 end ofrepparttar 145485 seventeen hundreds, 1,920 million plants are grown onrepparttar 145486 island.

Evidentlyrepparttar 145487 eighteen hundreds were spent trying to find better methods to make coffee.

The “Brew” inrepparttar 145488 20th Century

New methods to help brewing coffee start popping up everywhere. The first commercial espresso machine is developed in Italy. Melitta Bentz makes a filter using blotting paper. Dr. Ernest Lily manufacturesrepparttar 145489 first automatic espresso machine. The Nestle Company invents Nescafe instant coffee. Achilles Gaggia perfectsrepparttar 145490 espresso machine. Hills Bros. begins packing roasted coffee in vacuum tins eventually ending local roasting shops and coffee mills. A Japanese-American chemist named Satori Kato from Chicago inventsrepparttar 145491 first soluble “instant” coffee.

German coffee importer Ludwig Roselius turns some ruined coffee beans over to researchers, who perfectedrepparttar 145492 process of removing caffeine fromrepparttar 145493 beans without destroyingrepparttar 145494 flavor. He sells it underrepparttar 145495 name Sanka. Sanka is introduced inrepparttar 145496 United States in 1923.

George Constant Washington an English chemist living in Guatemala, is interested in a powdery condensation forming onrepparttar 145497 spout of his silver coffee flask. After checking into it, he createsrepparttar 145498 first mass-produced instant coffee which is his brand name called Red E Coffee.

Prohibition goes into effect in United States. Coffee sales suddenly increase. Brazil asked Nestle to help find a solution to their coffee surpluses sorepparttar 145499 Nestle Company comes up with freeze-dried coffee. Nestle also made Nescafe and introduced it to Switzerland.

Other Interesting Tidbits

Todayrepparttar 145500 US imports 70 percent ofrepparttar 145501 world’s coffee crop. During W.W.II, American soldiers were issued instant Maxwell House coffee in their ration kits.

In Italy, Achilles Gaggia perfects his espresso machine. The name Cappuccino comes fromrepparttar 145502 resemblance of its color torepparttar 145503 robes ofrepparttar 145504 monks ofrepparttar 145505 Capuchin order.

One week before Woodstock,repparttar 145506 Manson family murders coffee heiress Abigail Folger as she visits with her friend Sharon Tate inrepparttar 145507 home of filmmaker Roman Polanski.

Starbuck’s Hitsrepparttar 145508 Coffee World Starbucks opens its first store in Seattle's Pike Place public market in 1971. This creates madness over fresh-roasted whole bean coffee. Coffee finally becomesrepparttar 145509 world's most popular beverage. More than 450 billion cups are sold each year by 1995.

The Current Coffee Trends

Now inrepparttar 145510 21st century we have many different styles, grinds, and flavors of coffee. We have really come a long way even with our coffee making machines. There’s no sign of coffee consumption decreasing. Researchers are even finding many health benefits to drinking coffee. Drink and enjoy!

Hilda Maria is the mother of five great children. She understands the need for a great cup of coffee in a flash and enjoys using a coffee maker and fresh green coffee beans to get it.

Civil War Uniforms: Keep Your Jean Cloth from Unraveling

Written by Paula and Coach McCoach

Continued from page 1

For my jean cloth I allow extra seam and around a curve I blanket stitch a little extra where I know it has more of a tendency to unravel.

If you really want to be authentic, your best choice would be to give it extra large seam allowance.

Much ofrepparttar internal construction ofrepparttar 145481 jacket was machine stitched. Even though you see no machine stitching on jackets because exposed machine stitching would not pass inspection

I also don't do cutouts when I go around a curve - I use less of them or I don't use them at all.

Tiger weave is real loose and I don't dorepparttar 145482 cut outs at all when I use Tiger weave.

Some ofrepparttar 145483 jean cloth has a tighter weave than others.

When I do button holes with jean cloth, I use a larger buttonhole and use a wider seam allowance.

Coach McCoach invites you to joinrepparttar 145484 Civil War Uniform newsletter and receive 41 money and time saving ideas for improving your Civil War Impression. Go to

2005 permission granted to reprint this article in print or on your website so long asrepparttar 145485 contact information is included to or

Send other interested Civil War Reenactors to

Coach McCoach invites you to join the Civil War Uniform newsletter and receive 41 money and time saving ideas for improving your Civil War Impression. Go to

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