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Decaffeinated coffee was first founded in 1903 when Ludwig Roselius, a German coffee importer, gave a batch of damaged coffee beans to researchers. They developed process of taking caffeine out of beans without losing any flavor. This was marketed in 1920s.
Instant coffee was first mass produced from invention of George Constant Washington, an English chemist living in Guatemala. While waiting for his wife one day to join him outside for coffee, he observed on spout of silver coffee urn, a fine powder, which looked to be condensation of coffee vapors. This excited him and led to his founding of soluble coffee.
In 1906 he started experiments and put his invention, Red E Coffee, in markets in 1909. Nestle', in 1938, trying to aid Brazil with their coffee surpluses created freeze-dried coffee. Nescafe was started and first introduced into Switzerland. Instant coffee became a fad after 1956 when commercial television was new craze.
And now in US alone, 400 billion cups of coffee a year are consumed. Coffee is one of world's largest commodities, second only to oil. From a remote area in Africa, to millions of shelves and homes worldwide, coffee has became a fixture everywhere.
Irene D. Hope is webmaster of All Special Coffee
Irene D. Hope is the webmaster of All Special Coffee