Choosing the Right Pipes and Plumbing System for Log Cabin

Written by Jack Hudson

Continued from page 1

Calkingrepparttar joints is done by packing them with strands of oakum. A yarning iron is helpful in gettingrepparttar 100426 oakum well pushed down. Whenrepparttar 100427 joint is about two-thirds full, hammer it all down tight. Fillrepparttar 100428 remainder ofrepparttar 100429 opening with molten lead.

Whenrepparttar 100430 lead is cooler but not set, tap lightly aroundrepparttar 100431 hub. When it is cool, pound with more force. The stack base end should point toward your septic tank or sewer. I would installrepparttar 100432 lavatory basin next. Part 3 goes on top of part I. You'll find that this fitting will slip up and down in part I. This allows you to adjustrepparttar 100433 height ofrepparttar 100434 lavatory basin.

This fitting has three tappings. One is forrepparttar 100435 lavatory basin,repparttar 100436 second is forrepparttar 100437 kitchen sink, andrepparttar 100438 third for laundry tubs if there are any. Close any unused tappings with cast-iron plugs. Before calking fitting 3, mark onrepparttar 100439 wall whererepparttar 100440 waste pipe from each fixture will enterrepparttar 100441 wall.

Adjustrepparttar 100442 height of part 3 so thatrepparttar 100443 height ofrepparttar 100444 lower tapping is atrepparttar 100445 same height asrepparttar 100446 lowest waste pipe. Then lower part 3 about 1/4 inch per foot of horizontal run to allow for drainage. You are now ready to calk this fitting as you did parts I and 2.

The next step is to installrepparttar 100447 vent pipe. Measurerepparttar 100448 distance fromrepparttar 100449 top of part 3 to about I foot aboverepparttar 100450 roof. Cut and threadrepparttar 100451 pipe and screw it intorepparttar 100452 lavatory fitting 3. Some systems use an increaser atrepparttar 100453 top of this pipe. If you are going to userepparttar 100454 cottage only duringrepparttar 100455 summer,repparttar 100456 increaser is an unnecessary part.

Use a standard vent-pipe flashing aroundrepparttar 100457 top ofrepparttar 100458 pipe. You're overrepparttar 100459 worst of it now. The only thing left to do is to runrepparttar 100460 various pipes fromrepparttar 100461 fixtures to parts I and 3. Drum trap (4) should be installed belowrepparttar 100462 floor, trap cover down, betweenrepparttar 100463 tub or shower andrepparttar 100464 closet-tub fitting (I).

Where it is necessary to make turns inrepparttar 100465 drainage lines, use 90-degree fittings. To installrepparttar 100466 seat, placerepparttar 100467 closet bolts inrepparttar 100468 closet collar so thatrepparttar 100469 threaded ends extend upward throughrepparttar 100470 flange. Setrepparttar 100471 collar inrepparttar 100472 floor overrepparttar 100473 top ofrepparttar 100474 closet bend and calk in place (5, 6, and 7). The asbestos gasket that comes withrepparttar 100475 seat should be put overrepparttar 100476 closet bottom outlet,repparttar 100477 seat moved into place, andrepparttar 100478 nuts tightened.

There isrepparttar 100479 drainage system of your cottage--except forrepparttar 100480 disposal unit. If there is a central disposal system or sewer that you can use, it is probable thatrepparttar 100481 connections to it will have to be made by a licensed plumber. Onrepparttar 100482 other hand, if you are going to install a septic tank, you will want to read on intorepparttar 100483 next section to find out what to do.

About the Author: Jack Hudson is a writer for and These two sites work collectively as a resouce for the planning and building of log cabins as well as choosing from different house plans. Visit one of these sites for informative articles as well as free TIPS for building a log home or choosing a house plan.

The Finishing Steps to Building Your Log Cabin: Roofing, Siding

Written by Jack Hudson

Continued from page 1

There are many types of roofing materials that can be used on your cabin. To some extent,repparttar choice of materials will depend upon whetherrepparttar 100425 roof is pitched or flat. The table on page 120 indicates whether you should use a roll or shingle type of roofing material.

Asphalt shingles require a roof pitch of at least 4 inches to each lineal horizontal foot. Whenrepparttar 100426 pitch is this low, most manufacturers of roofing materials recommend that roofing felt or asphalt-saturated building paper be laid underrepparttar 100427 shingle roof. If your roof has any valleys, I'd suggest that you start your work by laying heavy roofing felt downrepparttar 100428 center ofrepparttar 100429 valley.

One layer of felt, 18 inches wide, should be laid face down. Then a second layer, full width, should be laid face up. After this is nailed down, you can start layingrepparttar 100430 under roofing felt or paper. Manufacturers' recommendations vary, but you'll be pretty safe ifrepparttar 100431 edges overlap about 2 inches horizontally.

Start withrepparttar 100432 lowest part of your roof. Letrepparttar 100433 edges ofrepparttar 100434 paper overlaprepparttar 100435 end ofrepparttar 100436 roof by 2 or 3 inches. This overlap should be cut later, a little underrepparttar 100437 first shingle course. The next layer of paper will overlaprepparttar 100438 lower one by 2 inches. Continue this process torepparttar 100439 peak ofrepparttar 100440 roof.

When both sides ofrepparttar 100441 roof are finished, lay one width of paper overrepparttar 100442 ridge pole. Short wide-head roofing nails should be used with this paper. Whenrepparttar 100443 paper has been put down, use a carpenter's chalk line, which is impregnated with chalk, and snaprepparttar 100444 guidelines forrepparttar 100445 shingles. If your shingle exposure is 4 inches, you will want to snap chalk lines with this spacing allrepparttar 100446 way fromrepparttar 100447 first course torepparttar 100448 last atrepparttar 100449 top.

You are now ready to start layingrepparttar 100450 shingles. The first course of shingles should be laid double and should extend % inch beyondrepparttar 100451 roof edge. The guidelines onrepparttar 100452 paper will alignrepparttar 100453 overlap which each course will have. The last rows atrepparttar 100454 top will have to be cut; and a strip of granulated roofing paper, a metal cap, or a ridge piece, or shingles laid edgewise will be required to finishrepparttar 100455 top as shown inrepparttar 100456 illustration.

Wood shingles are laid much as asphalt shingles are except that they are not butted onrepparttar 100457 sides. Leave a %-inch space betweenrepparttar 100458 shingles. The ridge piece can be made of wood strips as shown inrepparttar 100459 illustration.

Roll roofing is one ofrepparttar 100460 easiest types to apply. The accompanying illustration shows how this is done. You'll note that there is an overlap that is cemented down and nailed. This overlap varies withrepparttar 100461 type of roofing felt used.

One type has half ofrepparttar 100462 width granulated,repparttar 100463 remainder heavy felt. The granulated section is left exposed, andrepparttar 100464 felt part is cemented and nailed. This type can also be used on roofs having only enough pitch to drainrepparttar 100465 water, provided thatrepparttar 100466 roofing boards are first covered with roofing mastic.

Flat or pitched roofs can be covered with a number of materials, but one ofrepparttar 100467 least expensive methods is to build uprepparttar 100468 roof with a number of layers of roofing felt saturated with asphalt binder. The illustration shows how this is done. A cold roofing compound or hot pitch may be used as a binder.

Regardless ofrepparttar 100469 above directions, be sure to followrepparttar 100470 manufacturer's directions for applying his particular roofing material.

About the Author: Jack Hudson is a writer for and These two sites work collectively as a resouce for the planning and building of log cabins as well as choosing from different house plans. Visit one of these sites for informative articles as well as free TIPS for building a log home or choosing a house plan.

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