Catholic hierarchyWritten by Jan-Olov von Wowern
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It should further be noted that nobiliary hierarchy is usually regarded as logarithmic. The step between noble and Baron is often regarded as greater than that between Baron and Count, etc. I am not competent to judge if this is also case with catholic hierarchy of Church, but it will be evident that for a number of reasons it is only possibly to make approximations when trying to bring rank systems above in harmony with each other.
Popes have granted a number of nobiliary titles to deserving subjects during course of centuries. According to Lateran Pacts of 1929, in Concordat Art 42, "Italy shall admit recognition of titles of nobility conferred by Supreme Pontiff, even after 1870, and of those that shall be conferred in future". In 1947 Constitution of Italian Republic abolished use of nobiliary titles, in sense that they are place outside legal system of Republic (see excellent article by Italian lawyer Gherardo Guelfi Camaiani at http://www.dirittonobiliare.com/titoli.html).
Here in Sweden we have example of margravely family Lagergren, where Claes Lagergren was granted title of Marquis in year 1889 by Pope Leo XIII.
Jan-Olov von Wowern lives in Stockholm, Sweden, and is the head of the Swedish branch of the von Wowern family, dating back to its founder who was born around 1090 and made a Marquis in 1141. He is active in European charitable and nobiliary work. Visit his page at http://www.findyournobleancestors.com and download a FREE chapter from his book.
Chaplain Provides Training in Self-Induced Contact in the AfterlifeWritten by RobinRenee Bridges
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Death is not end of relationships with parents, children, partners and friends. Just as death of placenta marks our birth into this world, death of body marks our birth into next world. Understanding dynamics of this transition and loved one’s ongoing availability enables a celebration of continuation of life instead of mourning an imagined loss.
For everyone interested in exploring worlds beyond this world through unmistakable interaction with a loved one, this book offers more than ample preparation to safely navigate realms to which we translate after death of body
Chaplain Robin Renee Bridges, Corresponding Secretary http://www.spirit-sanctuary.org firstname.lastname@example.org
Published by: Booklocker.com, Inc. PO Box 2399 Bangor, ME 04402-2399
RobinRenee Bridges has been a chaplain and officer in The Sanctuary for more than thirty years. She is the author of “A Bridge of Love between Heaven and Earth: Self-Induced Contact in the Afterlife.” For more articles about death, dying, and the afterlife visit her web site at: http://www.spirit-sanctuary.org