Written by Machhindra Gojame

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A:2Controlling dropout rate from primary schools. Due to various reasons children enrolled in primary school leaverepparttar school. These school dropouts work as Child Labour. To stop this process, school drop outs are surveyed, their list is prepared and efforts are made to send them school. But we could not succeed in our efforts.

A:3Child education committee. Child education committees are constituted at village level. The committee is comprised of Co-ordinator non-formal education centre. Headmaster/Teacher from a school. Some youth and some prominent individuals from a village. This committee is responsible for 100% enrollment of children in schools, controllingrepparttar 105877 rate of school drop outs, sending Child Labour to non-formal education centre and implementation of campaign against Child Labour at village level. It is revealed that 60 to 70 % ofrepparttar 105878 committees are not functioning effectively.

A:4 Village level campaign against child Labour : Under this programme, village level meetings are organised to generate awareness onrepparttar 105879 issue of child Labour. Inrepparttar 105880 meetingrepparttar 105881 issue is discussed and remedies are suggested for removal of this system. And people are requested to joinrepparttar 105882 compaign. This programme has generated some awareness in village. People have started discussion on this issue. Wall writings are also done, so that people should readrepparttar 105883 slogaus and should think about it.

2)Creche Programme for children of farm labour : Initially to take care of children of working women, creches were opened in four villages. With a support from social welfare Department. This creche programme helped in improving attendance of children in schools. This result made us realised that this programme. Can become a important to for controlling incidence of Child Labour. Since 1987-88 organisation is running creches in Wanjarwada and Malegaon villages of Ahmedpur tahsil. It followed by opening two more units in Thodga and Gagdal villages. A survey revealed that precentage of school going children is more in these villages as compare to other villages where there are no creches. Also it is revealed that percentage of child Labour is comparatively less in there village. As it is proved that this programme is a supportive one in controlling a system of child labour. Inrepparttar 105884 last year 10 units of creches are opened in Chakur Tahsil. Two child development workers are appointed in each unit andrepparttar 105885 timing of creches is samerepparttar 105886 timing of a school. Around 20-25 children are enrolled in each unit. Total 240 children are admitted in 10 units. It is a general practice that, elder child takes care of his/her siblings inrepparttar 105887 family. Therefore; these elder children cannot attend schools. These children after some days work as child labour. The objective of this programme is freeingrepparttar 105888 child from taking care of siblings from their family and they should get an opportunity to go to school. At present this programme is implemented on experimental level.

3)Campaign Against system of child labour : Right fromrepparttar 105889 beginning we are actively involved in this campaign from village to state to national level.

Under this campaign on village level 14th nov. is celebrated as Children’s Day (Balak Din) and 30th April Day against system of child labour. On these occasion, rallies, cycle rallies, seminars, camps and conference are organised. In these events along with child Labour adult male and female farm labours also participate. Tours, picnics, sports meats and awareness programmes are organised for child Labours as a part ofrepparttar 105890 celebration.

Child labour from our region had participated in state and national level events and expressed their feelings and concerus. In Jan 1996 People’s Institute of Rural Development was assigned to organise Marathwada level campaign against system of child Labour. We could organiserepparttar 105891 same successfully. Through this campaign we could reach to 21 Tahsils of 7 districts. We endeavored to educate thousands of people aboutrepparttar 105892 problem of child labour. One can ask a question of what isrepparttar 105893 achievement of this campaign? We tried to educate those who donot recognise this as a burning issue. It is true that it will take some time to make these people aware of this issue. But due to this campaign, people have at least started thinking of this issue. And we can say that, when people start thinking about any issue, it becomes a first step for organising people’s movement on that issue.

Whatever programmes we have implement for eradication of system of child labour, they were of preventive nature. While implementing these proframme we encounterrepparttar 105894 problems like; non-avilability of capable and active co-ordinator/child development workers, non-cooperation of people, lack of follow up strategy, indifference of government officials and their unsympathetic attitude and lack of training on various levels etc. But our plus point is, our sustained efforts and public contact definitely remulted in mobilising co-operation not only from voluntary organisation but from pleple from different strata of society also.

-Machhindra Gojame

1.Name: Machhindra Gojame 2.Address: People's Intitute Of Rural Development-PIRD Karad Nagar , Nanded Road , P.O.: Ahmedpur , Dist : Latur, Maharashtra , INDIA 3.Age: 51 years 4.Occupations Field: Rural Dev. & social Change. 5.position: president of PIRD 6:special Subject: Child labour & waterhed development programme. 7:email: website:


Written by Machhindra Gojame

Continued from page 1

The camp was for child Labour. The course was designed to suit torepparttar learning capacities of them. Therefore, each period was of 45 minits. And only two periods were taken continuously which followed by a break of 30 minits. To 2 Hours. To provide them healthy entertainment and to improve their general knowledge, facilities for indoor and outdoor games like foot ball, cricket, handbal and T.V.set were made available to them. For their learning purpose. States, pencils, books, pens sketch pens, black boards, maps, charts and other teaching aids were provided.

On 7th julyrepparttar 105876 camp was concluded. One day beforerepparttar 105877 conclusion games, cultural evening and various competitions were organised for them. To asessrepparttar 105878 performance of children and also to assess their learning’s examinations were conducted. Papers were set class wise and subjectwise. 80% children were passed in grade IVth examination and result was 70% for grade VIIth examination. Inrepparttar 105879 literacy development category 60% children could develop their reading, writing and mathematical skills. Followup action will be undetaken for enrolling these children schools. But this short term residential school for child labour, experiment revealedrepparttar 105880 following; 1.If such opportunities for education are provided to deprived children then children’s response will be positive. 2.Two month duration for such camp is inadequate. The reason is 15 to 20 days are required for setting them down inrepparttar 105881 environment. Besides to prepare them for Std. IVth or VIIth minimum four months are required. 3.Education department should make special provisions for incorporating these children in regular schools care should be taken that these provisions are implemented properly. 4.Forrepparttar 105882 needy Children free provision should be made for lodging and boarding along with their education. 5.Forrepparttar 105883 successful conclusion of this camp coordination between parents, government, teachers and social workers is essential.

Many people and extended their support and cooperation to people’s Institute of Rural Development in implementing this programme. Shri Lahu Bande, Mane, Salunke, Sulochana Kumbhar, Sunita Cheuale, Jaimala Borsule andrepparttar 105884 teachers involved inrepparttar 105885 implemation of this programme worked with full dedication and commitment. Besides them Sunil Khandalikar, Sanjay Ladke, Shankar Kadam, Vivek Yadav, Shrirang Maske, Ashok Kulkarni, Amrit Bhoge, Patil, Afasana Shaik and other social workers also endeavored and contributed forrepparttar 105886 success ofrepparttar 105887 camp.

Summary of Residential Bridge camp : -

Features ØCamps for out of school children; support classes for all children ØChildren from different villages brought together at one location for camps ØDuration of bridge camps: two months or more ØCompressed curriculum covered in camps was based on formal school syllabus ØSupport given to all children throughoutrepparttar 105888 year ØIntention was to enroll all children into formal schools

Strengths ØChildren were released from work and could concentrate on learning during camps ØThe habit of spending time on learning was developed in children who had never done this beforerepparttar 105889 camp ØSubstantial teaching was achieved in two months and children were better prepared for school

Concerns ØLower attendance of girls at camps ØDifficult involve working children who were either bonded or contributing substantially to family income ØCost of camps was high we had expired Rs. 2,29,946/- Duringrepparttar 105890 Bridge course camp. Hence it is not continued in Further. ØOrganisation of camps was complicated and staff-intensive ØChildren had to be taken away from home into unfamiliar environment for camps.

Machhindra Gojame

1.Name: Machhindra Gojame 2.Address: People's Intitute Of Rural Development-PIRD Karad Nagar , Nanded Road , P.O.: Ahmedpur , Dist : Latur, Maharashtra , INDIA 3.Age: 51 years 4.Occupations Field: Rural Dev. & social Change. 5.position: president of PIRD 6:special Subject: Child labour & waterhed development programme. 7:email: website:

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