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Container vegetables may need some additional fertilising due to extra watering. Nutrients will be washed away quicker in a container than in ground. A diluted water soluble fertiliser is best option to use regularly with vegetables.
There have been many varieties of vegetables that have been bred to grow in containers. They are generally referred to a 'dwarf' varieties for obvious reasons. A list of suggested varieties and container sizes may help with your selection. Check with your seed supplier on varieties they recommend.
Having said that, there are many vegetable varieties that will do very well in containers. Tomatoes, lettuce, beets, carrots, cabbage, peas, beans, capsicums and peppers are all good choices. Cucumbers, cauliflower and broccoli will also do well as will virtually all herbs.
Crops like potatoes, corn, pumpkins and vine fruits generally need more room than a container can provide. But size of your containers and varieties available to you will dictate what you grow. As with most gardening, trial and error is your best education.
Judy Williams (www.no-dig-vegetablegarden.com) is an avid organic gardener. No Dig Vegetable Gardens represents a clean, green way to grow your own food. The site covers all aspects of growing, cooking and preserving your harvest.