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We've seen how health related problems can affect body fat, now let's take a look at how fat can induce health problems.
It is clear that increased body fat affects health, news is that its distribution on body influences state of health of specific organs.
According to its placement, fat can be subcutaneous (under skin) or visceral (around organs). The greatest concern is generated by visceral fat that can interfere with good functioning of vital organs. There is a relationship between overall fat deposits and specific fat deposits: fat around body middle section is associated with visceral fat, so, abdominal fat is most serious health risk.
The waist to hip ratio is a method of determining whether there are excessive amounts of upper body fat. It is obtained by dividing waist measurement by hip measurement. The upper limits are:.95 for men and .80 for women. Any exceeding values should be alarming.
Apple-shaped fat individuals are exposed to a greater risk of developing obesity-related diseases, as fat is intra-abdominal and distributed around their stomach and chest. They risk:
* Cardiovascular diseases and hypertension * Type 2 diabetes * Respiratory diseases (sleep apnea syndrome) * Some cancers * Osteoarthritis
The pear-shaped overweight persons are at greater risk of mechanical problems, as most of their body fat is distributed around their hips, thighs and bottom.
Both apple-shaped and pear-shaped obese persons are likely to develop psychological problems and alteration of quality of life.
In any case, extra-weight cannot create but problems. Fact is that main role in acquiring extra-fat is food intake that body cannot burn for various reasons (such as a decreased metabolic rate, low activity level or physical condition), and, consequently, it creates fat deposits. The solution is a classic one: diet and exercise.
However, in shedding extra weight there are men-women differences. The process appears to be harder for women.
The total mass of body is made up of fat mass and fat-free mass. The fat mass can be of two types: essential and excess. Essential fat is found in bone marrow, in various organs, and throughout nervous system.
Women are at a disadvantage, as their physiological processes (childbearing and hormone functions) require a plus of essential fat, "sex-specific fat". Thus total percentage of body fat is higher, moreover, this part of essential fat is hard to dislodge. Secondly, women have less calorie burning muscle than men, which makes it more more demanding for female to achieve a trimmer figure. Now, girls, don't use it as an excuse!
Laura Ciocan writes for ttp://www.dietsindex.com where you can find more information about the dietary options.
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