Ben Franklin and Rosicrucian Dragons - Trepanning

Written by Robert Bruce Baird

Continued from page 1

As restoration work byrepparttar Friends of Benjamin Franklin House began on 36 Craven Street, a Grade I listed house rescued fromrepparttar 148402 brink of tottering collapse, a small pit was found inrepparttar 148403 basement room. A human thigh bone was found.

The coroner andrepparttar 148404 police were notified. Excavation continued. More human bone surfaced. And more. And more, until more than 1,200 pieces of bone were recovered.

Sincerepparttar 148405 bones were too ancient to trouble Scotland Yard, they are now inrepparttar 148406 care ofrepparttar 148407 Institute of Archaeology, where experts have already determined that they range from an old man to a human baby. Several skulls have been trepanned, and arm and leg bones chopped through.

The most plausible explanation is not mass murder, but an anatomy school run by Benjamin Franklin's young friend and protégé, William Hewson. He had been a pupil ofrepparttar 148408 most brilliant anatomist ofrepparttar 148409 day, William Hunter, butrepparttar 148410 two fell out and Hewson started his own anatomy school - atrepparttar 148411 home of his mother-in-law Margaret Stephenson, just offrepparttar 148412 Strand, where Benjamin Franklin was also a lodger for 16 years.

He had a rich source of subjects at hand:repparttar 148413 resurrection men could deliver bodies stolen from graveyards torepparttar 148414 Thames wharf atrepparttar 148415 bottom ofrepparttar 148416 street, while there was a weekly public execution atrepparttar 148417 gallows onrepparttar 148418 other side ofrepparttar 148419 garden wall.

Benjamin Franklin, who was interested in absolutely everything - he was lucky to escape killing himself or his guests atrepparttar 148420 demonstrations of electricity he was wont to give during dinner parties - must have attendedrepparttar 148421 public dissections.

Hewson died young of blood poisoning after he cut himself during a dissection.

Franklin eventually returned torepparttar 148422 United States, but was estranged from his abandoned family, and separated fromrepparttar 148423 illegitimate son who shared his London years when Franklin declared for American independence andrepparttar 148424 son was exiled for his loyalty to England.

The house was less than 30 years old when Franklin came to London and rentedrepparttar 148425 best first floor rooms, where he was visited by allrepparttar 148426 leading figures in radical politics, science and philosophy.” (2)

Author of Diverse Druids Columnist for The ES Press Magazine Guest 'expert' at

Artificial Intelligence And Intuition

Written by Abraham Thomas

Continued from page 1

(If all diseases are eliminated,repparttar disease is unknown.)

Instant pattern recognition

IA was proved in practice. It had powered Expert Systems acting withrepparttar 148095 speed of a simple recalculation on a spreadsheet, to recognize a disease, identify a case law or diagnoserepparttar 148096 problems of a complex machine. It was instant, holistic, and logical. If several parallel answers could be presented, as inrepparttar 148097 multiple parameters of a power plant, recognition was instant. Forrepparttar 148098 mind, where millions of parameters were simultaneously presented, real time pattern recognition was practical. And elimination wasrepparttar 148099 key.

Elimination = Switching off

Elimination was switching off - inhibition. Nerve cells were known to extensively inhibitrepparttar 148100 activities of other cells to highlight context. With access to millions of sensory inputs,repparttar 148101 nervous system instantly inhibited – eliminated trillions of combinations to zero in onrepparttar 148102 right pattern. The process stoutly used "No" answers. If a patient did not have pain, thousands of possible diseases could be ignored. If a patient could just walk intorepparttar 148103 surgery, a doctor could overlook a wide range of illnesses. But, how could this process of elimination be applied to nerve cells? Where couldrepparttar 148104 wealth of knowledge be stored?

Combinatorial coding

The mind received kaleidoscopic combinations of millions of sensations. Of these, smells were reported to be recognized through a combinatorial coding process, where nerve cells recognized combinations. If a nerve cell had dendritic inputs, identified as A, B, C and so on to Z, it could then fire, when it received inputs at ABC, or DEF. It recognized those combinations. The cell could identify ABC and not ABD. It would be inhibited for ABD. This recognition process was recently reported by science for olfactory neurons. Inrepparttar 148105 experiment scientists reported that even slight changes in chemical structure activated different combinations of receptors. Thus, octanol smelled like oranges, butrepparttar 148106 similar compound octanoic acid smelled like sweat. A Nobel Prize acknowledged that discovery in 2004.

Galactic nerve cell memories

Combinatorial codes were extensively used by nature. The four "letters" inrepparttar 148107 genetic code – A, C, G and T – were used in combinations forrepparttar 148108 creation of a nearly infinite number of genetic sequences. IA discussesrepparttar 148109 deeper implications of this coding discovery. Animals could differentiate between millions of smells. Dogs could quickly sniff a few footprints of a person and determine accurately which wayrepparttar 148110 person was walking. The animal's nose could detectrepparttar 148111 relative odour strength difference between footprints only a few feet apart, to determinerepparttar 148112 direction of a trail. Smell was identified through remembered combinations. If a nerve cell had just 26 inputs from A to Z, it could receive millions of possible combinations of inputs. The average neuron had thousands of inputs. For IA, millions of nerve cells could giverepparttar 148113 mind galactic memories for combinations, enabling it to recognize subtle patterns inrepparttar 148114 environment. Each cell could be a single member of a database, eliminating itself (becoming inhibited) for unrecognized combinations of inputs.

Eliminationrepparttar 148115 key

Elimination wasrepparttar 148116 special key, which evaluated vast combinatorial memories. Medical texts reported thatrepparttar 148117 mind had a hierarchy of intelligences, which performed dedicated tasks. For example, there was an association region, which recognized a pair of scissors usingrepparttar 148118 context of its feel. If you injured this region, you could still feelrepparttar 148119 scissors with your eyes closed, but you would not recognize it as scissors. You still feltrepparttar 148120 context, but you would not recognizerepparttar 148121 object. So, intuition could enable nerve cells in association regions to use perception to recognize objects. Medical research reported many such recognition regions.

Serial processing

A pattern recognition algorithm, intuition enabledrepparttar 148122 finite intelligences inrepparttar 148123 minds of living things to respond holistically withinrepparttar 148124 20 millisecond time span. These intelligences acted serially. The first intelligence convertedrepparttar 148125 kaleidoscopic combinations of sensory perceptions fromrepparttar 148126 environment into nerve impulses. The second intelligence recognized these impulses as objects and events. The third intelligence translatedrepparttar 148127 recognized events into feelings. A fourth translated feelings into intelligent drives. Fear triggered an escape drive. A deer bounded away. A bird took flight. A fish swam off. Whilerepparttar 148128 activities of running, flying and swimming differed, they achievedrepparttar 148129 same objective of escaping. Inherited nerve cell memories powered those drives in context.

The mind – seamless pattern recognition

Half a second for a 100 billion nerve cells to use context to eliminate irrelevance and deliver motor output. The time betweenrepparttar 148130 shadow andrepparttar 148131 scream. So, from input to output,repparttar 148132 mind was a seamless pattern recognition machine, powered byrepparttar 148133 key secret of intuition – contextual elimination, from massive acquired and inherited combinatorial memories in nerve cells.

Abraham Thomas is the author of The Intuitive Algorithm, a book, which suggests that intuition is a pattern recognition algorithm. The ebook version is available at The book may be purchased only in India. The website, provides a free movie and a walk through to explain the ideas.

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