Awesome Ending

Written by Lea Schizas

Continued from page 1

Does this affect your plot downrepparttar line? In certain circumstances, yes. For example:

Bruce is a studious clean-cut senior high school student. He’s portrayed asrepparttar 148121 ‘geek’ for most ofrepparttar 148122 story, not a main character at all. Thenrepparttar 148123 writer decides to spruce things up and throws a dare at Bruce. Bruce accepts. He takes his friend’s ID and goes to a ‘Rave’. Big mistake, but a twist forrepparttar 148124 reader. The ‘Rave’ is raided, Bruce ends up in jail because his friend is wanted byrepparttar 148125 police and he’s holdingrepparttar 148126 fake id. He escapes and now tries to clear his name that somehow has crept intorepparttar 148127 police files. A sedate YA high school book has now turned into a suspense novel all because of a character reversal.

When writing up your character(s) sketch, try to include opposite reactions, as well. By doing this, you can easily plot foreshadowing more convincingly ahead ofrepparttar 148128 game.

Remember that fiction is often, if not allrepparttar 148129 time, crafted out of real people, real situations or real events. So think of a ‘real’ person and envision his reaction to several possible finales to a ‘dilemma’. Then start craftingrepparttar 148130 ending with one of these ‘reactions’ while dropping subtle hints to a totally different ending than what your reader is expecting. Try to use this character reversal for a completely out of this world ‘awesome ending.’

Make sure your story propels forward, making your reader want to turnrepparttar 148131 page. Bungee jump them out of a plane into a secret path that will drive them torepparttar 148132 finish line.

This article is copyrighted. Can be reprinted in its entirety with Author’s Byline. Author’s Bio: Lea Schizas is Founder and Co-founder of 2 Writer’s Digest 101 Best Writing Sites of 2005 and recipients of the Preditors and Editors Award: Apollo’s Lyre and The MuseItUp Club. For more information on Lea Schizas, link here:

Comma Usage Made Simple

Written by Michael LaRocca

Continued from page 1

(4) And finally, THE rule. It works for narrative and it works for dialogue. Read what you've written aloud. Wherever you would pause for breath, whack in a comma. Because, you have internalizedrepparttar rules. You've been speaking English all your life. But as an aspiring writer, you've been so busy trying to learn "the rules" that you've forgottenrepparttar 147995 rule you've known all along. And you DO know it.

If you'd like, you can look over some sentences inrepparttar 147996 preceding paragraphs. You'll note some commas where they're not strictly necessary. Often, it's where I begin a sentence with a conjunction, also an alleged no-no. But that device can be used sparingly to emphasize a point. And when I do that, sometimes I whip in a comma for extra emphasis. A comma is a pause. That's what you should note if you indulge in this exercise. I'm pausing for emphasis. Read my sentences aloud. Pause at every comma. The rhythm works. It's how I talk, and you won't be all freaked out and confused as you listen because I paused in funny places.

Speaking as an editor, I run into a lot of writers who have problems with commas. Heck, speaking as someone who likes to read books and newspapers and magazines, I see commas where they shouldn't be, or missing commas where they should be. It's because we're trying to be too fancy, drifting dangerously far fromrepparttar 147997 "write what you know" mantra because we think we're stupid.

We're not stupid. As Sean Connery noted in FINDING FORRESTER, critics spend a day destroying what they couldn't create in a lifetime. That's also what I think of people who want us to memorize dozens of silly rules about commas. They're pauses. Nothing more, nothing less. Pause where you want to pause, not where you think someone else thinks you're supposed to pause.

Lemme remind you what writing is. Telepathy. I'm in China and you probably aren't, and you're reading this many months after I wrote it, but you know what I'm thinking. Stray commas would be a barrier to that. Good writers don't like barriers.

Just remember that a comma is a pause, and pause wherever you think you should. Blow offrepparttar 147998 rules -- there are too many and they just keep changing -- and trust your gut. If you do that, I think you'll find that when you seek out publication, and find yourself working with an editor, you'll hear very little about your commas.

Michael LaRocca's website at was chosen by WRITER'S DIGEST as one of The 101 Best Websites For Writers in 2001 and 2002. His response was to throw it out and start over again because he's insane. He teaches English at a university in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, and publishes the free weekly newsletter WHO MOVED MY RICE?

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