A European Christmas

Written by C. Bailey-Lloyd/LadyCamelot

Continued from page 1

Unknown to popular American custom,repparttar 'Weinachtsmann' was conceived by German-American Illustrator, Thomas Nast, who createdrepparttar 110040 Christmas image of Santa in America - which, ultimately set a precedent forrepparttar 110041 permanent, symbolic establishment of Santa Claus.

Traditionally, German Christmas is observed through 'Heilige Drei Konige Tag,' or Three Kings Day (also known asrepparttar 110042 Magi orrepparttar 110043 Wise Men). In some parts of Europe, such as Austria, Germany and Switzerland,repparttar 110044 Letters C + M + B (Caspar, Melchor, and Balthazar - and, 'Christus mansionem benedicat,' meaning 'Christ bless this house.') are etched with chalk above doorways and home entrances on January 6th. Of course, this isrepparttar 110045 epitome ofrepparttar 110046 12 Days of Christmas

Finally, onrepparttar 110047 'Cristkind Abend (Christ Child Eve or Christmas Eve), aside fromrepparttar 110048 Weinachts Baum (Christmas Tree custom started by Martin Luther), families receive 'Bunte Teller,' or colored plates filled with oranges, candies, Marzipan (comprised of almonds and suger), Lebkuchen (gingerbread), Stollen (fruit bread) and an assortment of chocolates and other goods. Before any gifts are exchanged, Christmas Carols like Stille Nacht (Silent Night from Austrian composer Franz Gruber) are sung byrepparttar 110049 tree.

To this day, I am still amazed atrepparttar 110050 profound effects of Christmas' past have had on me. As a child,repparttar 110051 holiday was mystical and magical, as an adult, its beautiful memories are forever etched in my heart and soul.

Wishing all a happy, memory-filled, holiday season, I am sincerely,

C. Bailey-Lloyd aka. LadyCamelot Public Relations' Director Staff Writer www.holisticjunction.com www.mediapositiveradio.com

Read this and other articles like this one at HolisticJunction.com today! [All work by author is copyright protected. If you would like to use this article, please contactrepparttar 110052 author for permission.]

C. Bailey-Lloyd aka. LadyCamelot Public Relations' Director Staff Writer www.holisticjunction.com www.mediapositiveradio.com

Being John Malkovich

Written by Sam Vaknin

Continued from page 1

Some scholars raiserepparttar issues of exclusivity and scarcity asrepparttar 110039 precursors of property rights. My brain can be accessed only by myself and its is one of a kind (sui generis). True but not relevant. One cannot rigorously derive from these properties of our brain a right to deny others access to them (should this become technologically feasible) - or even to set a price on such granted access. In other words, exclusivity and scarcity do not constitute property rights or even lead to their establishment. Other rights may be at play (the right to privacy, for instance) - but notrepparttar 110040 right to own property and to derive economic benefits from such ownership.

Onrepparttar 110041 contrary, it is surprisingly easy to think of numerous exceptions to a purported natural right of single access to one's brain. If one memorizedrepparttar 110042 formula to cure AIDS or cancer and refused to divulge it for a reasonable compensation - surely, we should feel entitled to invade his brain and extract it? Once such technology is available - shouldn't authorized bodies of inspection have access torepparttar 110043 brains of our leaders on a periodic basis? And shouldn't we all gain visitation rights torepparttar 110044 minds of great men and women of science, art and culture - as we do today gain access to their homes and torepparttar 110045 products of their brains?

There is one hidden assumption, though, in bothrepparttar 110046 movie and this article. It is that mind and brain are one. The portal leads to John Malkovich's MIND - yet, he keeps talking about his BRAIN and writhing physically onrepparttar 110047 screen. The portal is useless without JM's mind. Indeed, one can wonder whether JM's mind is not an INTEGRAL part ofrepparttar 110048 portal - structurally and functionally inseparable from it. If so, does notrepparttar 110049 discoverer ofrepparttar 110050 portal hold equal rights to John Malkovich's mind, an integral part thereof?

The portal leads to JM's mind. Can we prove that it leads to his brain? Is this identity automatic? Of course not. It isrepparttar 110051 old psychophysical question, atrepparttar 110052 heart of dualism - still far from resolved. Can a MIND be copyrighted or patented? If no one knows WHAT isrepparttar 110053 mind - how can it berepparttar 110054 subject of laws and rights? If JM is bothered byrepparttar 110055 portal voyagers,repparttar 110056 intruders - he surely has legal recourse, but not throughrepparttar 110057 application ofrepparttar 110058 rights to own property and to benefit from it. These rights provide him with no remedy because their subject (the mind) is a mystery. Can JM sue Craig and his clientele for unauthorized visits to his mind (trespassing) - IF he is unaware of their comings and goings and unperturbed by them? Moreover, can he prove thatrepparttar 110059 portal leads to HIS mind, that it is HIS mind that is being visited? Is there a way to PROVE that one has visited another's mind? (See: "On Empathy").

And if property rights to one's brain and mind were firmly established - how will telepathy (if ever proven) be treated legally? Or mind reading? The recording of dreams? Will a distinction be made between a mere visit - andrepparttar 110060 exercise of influence onrepparttar 110061 host and his / her manipulation (similar questions arise in time travel)?

This, precisely, is whererepparttar 110062 film crossesrepparttar 110063 line betweenrepparttar 110064 intriguing andrepparttar 110065 macabre. The master puppeteer, unable to resist his urges, manipulates John Malkovich and finally possesses him completely. This is so clearly wrong, so manifestly forbidden, so patently immoral, thatrepparttar 110066 film loses its urgent ambivalence, its surrealistic moral landscape and deteriorates into another banal comedy of situations.

Sam Vaknin ( http://samvak.tripod.com ) is the author of Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited and After the Rain - How the West Lost the East. He served as a columnist for Central Europe Review, PopMatters, and eBookWeb , and Bellaonline, and as a United Press International (UPI) Senior Business Correspondent. He is the the editor of mental health and Central East Europe categories in The Open Directory and Suite101.

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