ANCIENT EGYPTIAN WRITING.Written by Dr. Sherin ElKhawaga
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Hieratic is an adaptation of hieroglyphic script, signs being simplified to make their writing quicker. Hieratic was administrative and business script throughout most of its history, and recorded documents of a literary, scientific and religious nature. It was most often used on papyrus rolls or sheets, or on bits of pottery or stone. Hieroglyphs were written with a reed brush and ink on papyrus, leather or wood, and on those surfaces it was harder to attain crisp quality and detail of signs as carved on stone. So cursive hieroglyphic was merely a simpler form of each hieroglyphic sign. A hieratic sign was not always as clear a counterpart to its hieroglyphic sign as was cursive hieroglyphic. Hieratic should not be confused with cursive hieroglyphic script, though two resemble each other. Cursive hieroglyphic script is usually written from right to left in columns, though just as with hieroglyphic it could vary, and is found almost exclusively in religious texts such as Book of Dead. Hieratic could be written in columns or horizontal lines, but it always read from right to left. It also sometimes contained punctuation in form of a small dot to separate units of thought.
Demotic The word "Demotic" comes once again from Greek, meaning "popular script." By Hellenistic period of Ptolemies, demotic was only native script in general daily use. It is a very cursive script, having been derived directly from hieratic, making it difficult to read and almost impossible to transcribe into any hieroglyphic counterpart. Demotic texts were generally administrative, legal and commercial, though there are a few literary compositions as well as scientific and religious texts. The Rosetta Stone contains a section inscribed in demotic along with hieroglyphic and Greek.
DR. SHERIN ELKHAWAGA, FEMALE, 31 YEARS OLDRADIOLOGIST.BEHOLDS MASTERS DEGREEIN RADIOLOGY. INTERESTED IN EGYPTOLOGY.
Egyptologist-Jean-Francois Champollion 1790-1832 Written by Dr. Sherin ElKhawaga
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While he was teaching, he continued his research on ancient Egypt. He began to be noticed by others, and that resulted in his appointment as conservator of Louvre Museumís Egyptian Collection in 1826. In 1828, he began a year-long trip to Egypt. He traveled with one of his students, Ippolito Rosellini. Rosellini was an Italian, who became a fairly well-known archaeologist in his own right. While they toured Egypt, Champollion took detailed notes of what he saw. Rosellini did same, although his medium was engravings/drawings, and not words. The notes and engravings they left behind are still regarded as some of best ever done. Together, they preserved a lot of information that otherwise would have been lost. In 1831, First Chair of Egyptian antiquities was created for him at College de France, and he became a member of French Academy. Sadly, he didnít get to enjoy this coveted post very long. He died of a stroke in 1832
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Dr. Sherin Elkhawaga, egyptian radiologist.Interested in egyptology and on line education.Sales Administritive at Egypt Cyber LLC.