Written by Dr. Sherin Elkhawaga

Continued from page 1

The wealthy people both men and women wore long see-through robes that were pleated. Noblemen would sometimes wear a long robe over his kilt, whilerepparttar women wore long pleated dresses with a shawl. Some kings and queens wore decorative ceremonial clothing with feathers. Wealthy people wore sandals made of leather that had straps acrossrepparttar 109438 instep and betweenrepparttar 109439 first and second toes. Most people went barefoot, but wore sandals on special occasions. The king wore very elaborately decorated sandals, and sometimes decorative gloves on his hands. The sandals were sometimes made of palm fiber or braided papyrus together with leather sandals.

Clothing styles were chosen for comfort inrepparttar 109440 hot, dry climate of Egypt, while inrepparttar 109441 winter, wraps and cloaks were worn. . Women did not dress without washing (rich people had a tiled area for washing). After washing, they rubbed themselves with scented oil then they placed a large rectangle of linen over their heads, gatheredrepparttar 109442 loose corners up and tied them in a knot belowrepparttar 109443 chest. The usual toilet articles were tweezers, razor and comb. Priests washed several times a day and they had to remove all body hair to be pure enough to approachrepparttar 109444 god. They could not wear leather sandals or wool clothing (considered unclean). They wore a leopard robe when servingrepparttar 109445 god Amun.

The Egyptians cared about their appearance a great deal. The women spent a lot of time bathing, rubbing oils and perfumes into their skin, and using their many cosmetic implements to apply make-up and style their wigs. Using a highly-polished bronze hand mirror, a woman would apply khol, a black dye kept in a jar or pot, to line her eyes and eyebrows, using an "brush" or "pencil" made of a reed. Men wore this eye make-up as well, which was not only a fashion but also protected againstrepparttar 109446 eye infections which were common in Egypt. They would use a dye called henna to redden their nails and lips. Wigs were worn by men and women. Wigs were made from human hair or wool. They wore curled wigs for special occasions.

Egyptians adorned themselves with as much jewelry as they could afford. Wealthy people wore broad collars made of gold and precious stones liked together, which fastened atrepparttar 109447 back ofrepparttar 109448 neck. Pairs of bracelets were worn aroundrepparttar 109449 wrist or high onrepparttar 109450 arm, aboverepparttar 109451 elbow. Rings and anklets were also worn. Women wore large round earrings and put bands around their heads or held their hair in place with ivory and metal hair pins. Ordinary people wore necklaces made of brightly colored pottery beads.

Egyptian radiologist,interested in egyptology.

Amenhotep Kings

Written by Dr. Sherin Elkhawaga

Continued from page 1

Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) (1350-1334), The second son ofrepparttar great Amenhotep III, Akhenaten came torepparttar 109437 throne when his elder brother and heir torepparttar 109438 throne, Thuthmose, died while still a child. At this pointrepparttar 109439 young Akhenaten was still known by his original name - Amenhotep (IV), it was only when he ascendedrepparttar 109440 throne that he would change his name. Immediately he took uprepparttar 109441 offices and teachings of a prince regent, including studying atrepparttar 109442 centre of intellectual learning for Egypt - Heliopolis. was invested as king not inrepparttar 109443 Amen temple at Karnak as custom dictated, but at Hermonthis, where his uncle Inen was High Priest of Re and immediately began building a roofless temple torepparttar 109444 Aten,repparttar 109445 disk ofrepparttar 109446 rising sun. He soon forbaderepparttar 109447 worship of other gods, especially ofrepparttar 109448 state god Amen of Thebes. Inrepparttar 109449 6th year he changed his name from Amenhotep ("Amen is satisfied") to Akhenaten ("beneficial to Aten") and left Thebes for a new capital at Akhetaten (El Amarna). Amenhotep IV's reign was a time of many changes, for not only did he decide to change his name to Akhenaten, he found a perfect site alongrepparttar 109450 banks ofrepparttar 109451 Nile where he could be build a new capital of Egypt - Akhetaten,repparttar 109452 Pharaoh found a plain within a semicircle of cliffs - here he set up an altar and made an offering torepparttar 109453 Aten in thanks for leading him to this chosen place. Later atrepparttar 109454 foundation ceremony ofrepparttar 109455 city, Akhenaten expressed howrepparttar 109456 city had been revealed to him alone by his father,repparttar 109457 Aten, as his chosen seat.

Living there with his queen Nefertiti, six daughters, and possibly several sons, he fostered new styles in art and literature. The confiscation ofrepparttar 109458 wealth ofrepparttar 109459 Amen temples wreaked havoc upon its priesthood. Akhenaten used these riches to strengthenrepparttar 109460 royal control overrepparttar 109461 army and his officialdom. His concentration on internal affairs brought aboutrepparttar 109462 loss of some ofrepparttar 109463 Egyptian possessions in Canaan and Retenu (Syria) and ofrepparttar 109464 Egyptian naval dominance, when Aziru defected torepparttar 109465 Hittites with his fleet. His religious reforms didn't survive his reign and monotheism in its pure form was forgotten in Egypt, even though it found a new expression inrepparttar 109466 trinity of Re, Ptah and Amen. The Aten temples were demolished, and Akhenaten came to be called "the Enemy."

Tutankhamen (r. 1361-1352 BC),repparttar 109467 son in law of Akhenaten, succeeded his brother Smenkhkare when he was only nine years old. His vizier Ay restoredrepparttar 109468 traditional polytheistic religion, abandoningrepparttar 109469 monotheistic cult of Aten of Akhenaten, its religious centre at el Amarna and returning torepparttar 109470 capital Thebes. By revivingrepparttar 109471 cult ofrepparttar 109472 state god Amen he strengthenedrepparttar 109473 position of Amen's priesthood. The pharaoh changed his name Tutankhaten, (living image of Aten), to Tutankhamen, (living image of Amen), During his reign,repparttar 109474 general Horemheb sought to 'pacify' Palestine and fought againstrepparttar 109475 Hittites in northern Syria allied torepparttar 109476 Assyrians.

Egyptian medical doctor, speciality in radiology, much interested in egyptology.

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