7 Steps To Milling Four Square Lumber

Written by Dave M

Continued from page 1

Step 4: Truingrepparttar second face

The thickness planer is by farrepparttar 116271 best tool to accomplish this. Onrepparttar 116272 jointer it is simple to getrepparttar 116273 second face true but it is quite difficult to get it parallel torepparttar 116274 first.

The thickness planer guidesrepparttar 116275 board and makesrepparttar 116276 second face exactly parallel torepparttar 116277 first. Oncerepparttar 116278 second face is true and parallel torepparttar 116279 first continue to planerepparttar 116280 board until it reachesrepparttar 116281 finished thickness, in this case 5/8". Remember to feedrepparttar 116282 stock withrepparttar 116283 grain to ensure a smooth clean cut. Step 5: Square one edge

Back torepparttar 116284 jointer for this step. Setrepparttar 116285 jointer fence so it is exactly 90 degrees torepparttar 116286 table and be surerepparttar 116287 cutting depth is set to 1/16". Determinerepparttar 116288 direction ofrepparttar 116289 grain and place on face againstrepparttar 116290 jointer fence and make a pass throughrepparttar 116291 cutter applying steady pressure againstrepparttar 116292 fence.

Once you are satisfied thatrepparttar 116293 edge and face are square to each other markrepparttar 116294 edge for reference.

Step 6: Squarerepparttar 116295 other edge

Now that you have one edge prepared it is back torepparttar 116296 table saw to riprepparttar 116297 board to width. Setrepparttar 116298 fence 4-9/16" (1/16" larger then needed). Withrepparttar 116299 marked edge againstrepparttar 116300 table saw fence riprepparttar 116301 board. Now return torepparttar 116302 jointer and make one final pass, millingrepparttar 116303 new sawn edge. Be sure thatrepparttar 116304 jointer is set to 1/16".

Step 7: Squaringrepparttar 116305 ends

I prefer to use a table saw to squarerepparttar 116306 end and cutrepparttar 116307 board to length although a table saw with a miter gauge will work as well. Check that your miter saw is cutting a true 90 degrees and when you are sure it is trim one end ofrepparttar 116308 board, taking as little off as possible. Now measurerepparttar 116309 finished width of 30" and makerepparttar 116310 cut taking care to cut onrepparttar 116311 waste side ofrepparttar 116312 line. Conclusion:

You should now have a board that is 30" x 4-1/2 " x 5/8" with all four sides square to one another.

There are a number of methods that will work for milling a board square; however I have always had good luck using this method.

About the Author:

Dave Markel is the author of "The All Wood Working Journal" He has helped Hundreds of individuals become better wood workers. Visit his site at http://www.all-wood-working-plans.com

Preparing Your New Sewing Machine to Sew

Written by Mary Wilkins

Continued from page 1

If your needle thread tension is stronger, your bobbin thread will be pulled torepparttar top of your fabric. If your bobbin thread tension is stronger,repparttar 116270 needle thread will be visible onrepparttar 116271 underside of your fabric. Whenrepparttar 116272 tension is just right and evenly balanced,repparttar 116273 stitch will lock inrepparttar 116274 middle, halfway betweenrepparttar 116275 top and bottom of your fabric. This is what you want and have to find. It might take some playing around with your tension guide, but worthrepparttar 116276 extra bit of time it takes.


The easiest way to test your tension is to thread your machine and put one colour thread in your machine with a totally different colour in your bobbin. Neither one should match your fabric. You need to examine your stitches.

If your tension is too tight, you will see your bobbin thread on top.

If your tension is too loose, you will see your top thread onrepparttar 116277 bottom ofrepparttar 116278 fabric.

If your tension is correct, you will see machine thread only onrepparttar 116279 top ofrepparttar 116280 fabric and bobbin thread only onrepparttar 116281 underside ofrepparttar 116282 fabric.


BEFORE you start adjusting your tension, make these three checks. This is very important.

1. Be certain your machine is threaded properly. Even long time sew-ers can miss a thread guide.

2. Be sure your bobbin is properly installed.

3. Make sure your needle is inserted properly.

After going thrurepparttar 116283 three checks, you may have to adjustrepparttar 116284 tension in order to sew a good stitch. Check your manual to see how this is done. Each time you have adjusted, sew a line of stitching. You should only have to make small, slight adjustments to correct your stitch.

If after what seems like an eternity of changes, you still don't have a balanced stitch, leave your machine. Don't even look at it for a few hours, maybe a day or so. Then go back and try again. It could be you are tired, frustrated or distracted. It happens to all of us.

Or, it could be that your bobbin needs adjusting. Most sewing machine manufacturers don't want you to adjust your bobbin tension. If your manual doesn't cover this area, then it is best to take your sewing machine in to a dealer or reputable repair man.

Happy Sewing!

Mary is the mother of three grown children and grandmother to six perfect grandchildren. She is also owner/editor of http://sew-whats-new.

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