10 Easy Spelling Rules to improve your spelling by 100's of times!

Written by Sacha of home-school-reading.com

Are you a good speller? It is hard to help your child with spelling if you have a hard time with spelling yourself. Atrepparttar same time, if you are a great speller, it can be difficult to understand why your child is not a great speller.

What you’ll find in this section is a listing of some spelling rules you and your child can learn, some links to free spelling sheets onrepparttar 109287 web and more.

1. Do you changerepparttar 109288 words you use when you write because, you might not spellrepparttar 109289 word correctly? 2. Would you be mortified if you sent correspondence out without spell checking it? 3. Could you live without a spellchecker?

If you answered YES torepparttar 109290 first two questions, or NO torepparttar 109291 last question, you your spelling has much room for improvement!

If you learn these 10 basic spelling rules, you can spell literally thousands of words!

1. E Ending Rule: When a base word ends with an E and you add an ending that begins with a vowel, droprepparttar 109292 E. Go torepparttar 109293 Free Spelling Worksheet that teaches this spelling rule.

2. The CVC Rule: When a word that is 4 letters or less ends CVC, andrepparttar 109294 next ending begins with a V, you must doublerepparttar 109295 final vowel. CVC + V = CVCCV

Educational Visits - Good Practice, Risks and Hazards.

Written by Paddy Swan

A Head Teacher's Safety Management Toolkit Article. htttp://www.swaneducation.co.uk

Educational Visits - Good Practice, Risks and Hazards

by Paddy Swan

Horror stories about British teachers taking Educational Visits and then being prosecuted for deaths seem always to be with us.

We have some 60,000 schools inrepparttar UK and if each school only does one educational visit a year this is still a lot of visits. Byrepparttar 109286 law of averages something will go wrong somewhere sometime, but there have been about 4 prosecutions of teachers overrepparttar 109287 last almost ten years. That is to say that out of probably 1 million educational visits about 4 teachers have been prosecuted and only 3 have been found guilty.

Manslaughter by gross negligence has beenrepparttar 109288 charge which has made UK teachers’ blood run cold and led one of our teacher Unions to circularise all members with advice on this topic.

The fact ofrepparttar 109289 matter is that no teacher has ever been prosecuted for following good practice and good practice for educational visits has been laid out byrepparttar 109290 DfES and published in Guidance on their website, The Health and Safety Executive as regulators of UK health and safety have referred to this Guidance and thus given their imprimatur to what good practice actually is.

This article is aboutrepparttar 109291 underlying principles to put in place good practice when a visit needs to be organised.

The key thing for any school to do is to ensure that a competent Group Leader or Educational Visit Co-ordinator is appointed. They need to be byrepparttar 109292 Headteacher and Governors in writing. They also need to be competent not only, to run a visit but also, to carry out a HIRA (Hazard Identification Risk Assessment) for any proposed visit.

A HIRA is quite a specific matter in UK Health and Safety Law and terms and this article aims to introduce you torepparttar 109293 concepts and some ofrepparttar 109294 terminology, as well as giving you some tools to carry out a Risk Assessment.

Before any visit all visit Hazards need to be identified and Risks reduced.

What is a Hazard?

Simply put a hazard is anything that could cause harm.

For example;

•Uneven surfaces when mountain or fell walking, slippery conditions caused by ice and snow. •Children standing up in a moving minibus. •Children falling into water. •Hazards specific to a particular activity e.g skiing, swimming, or almost any activity or sport.

How would a visit organiser know about hazards on a site never visited or discussed with an experienced colleague?

What is a Risk?

The risk isrepparttar 109295 likelihood that someone will be harmed by repparttar 109296 hazard.

On a visit, there may be many more hazards than you may think and if you are acting asrepparttar 109297 EVC or as a single Group Leader for a small school, you may not have personal experience.

If you do not feel you know enough about a particular topic seek competent help. A search of websites and links from these can help you in this.

Steps must be taken to reducerepparttar 109298 risk of any hazard causing harm. This is done by removing or controllingrepparttar 109299 risk. Controlling Risks

Generally it is better ifrepparttar 109300 hazard can be removed and if can’t be then it needs to be controlled.

For example, an instruction to children to remain seated in a moving vehicle must be enforced, if seatbelts are not fitted as standard.

The risk of children falling over ifrepparttar 109301 vehicle has to swerve or brake suddenly may be removed byrepparttar 109302 seatbelts or reduced by controlling it by ensuringrepparttar 109303 children remain seated.

This is a Control Measure.

The Control Measure is a method of reducingrepparttar 109304 risk if it cannot be eliminated entirely.

Ifrepparttar 109305 hazard cannot be removed it should be possible to eliminate, or substantially reducerepparttar 109306 risk by providing protection and isolatingrepparttar 109307 person fromrepparttar 109308 hazard by providing protection e.g. a guard on a powered tool or engine.

In other words, separaterepparttar 109309 hazard fromrepparttar 109310 individual.

If separatingrepparttar 109311 person fromrepparttar 109312 hazard is not practicable, repparttar 109313 individual may be protected, for example, by wearing seat belts in a Minibus.

The Visit Group Leader/ EVC will need to be aware ofrepparttar 109314 Hazards and Risks ofrepparttar 109315 visit and will need to know how to carry out a Hazard Identification Risk Assessment for any visit or trip.

However, if you are unable to reduce risk to an acceptable minimum by these means, you inform your head teacher promptly.

If you have notrepparttar 109316 competence to identify hazards and reduce risks for a particular activity seek help - some useful websites may be found through a simple search andrepparttar 109317 DfES Guide itself goes some way towards identifying specific hazards

HIRA -repparttar 109318 procedure for reducing risks

•Identifyrepparttar 109319 Hazard •Assessrepparttar 109320 Risk •Institute necessary Control Measures

The above procedure is known as a HIRA - Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment and it isrepparttar 109321 one to be followed when completing Risk Assessments inrepparttar 109322 Workplace or for carrying out a Risk Assessment for Visits.

Isrepparttar 109323 Action taken sufficient?

You must train yourself to recognise hazards and take steps to eliminate them or to apply suitable control measures.

Absolute Safety

There is no such thing as absolute safety, hazards may be fairly minor, an uneven surface , for example, butrepparttar 109324 risk may be high andrepparttar 109325 outcomes, especially ifrepparttar 109326 risk of a trip is atrepparttar 109327 top of flight of metal or concrete stairs.

In factrepparttar 109328 whole UK Health and Safety law is based around repparttar 109329 principle that you andrepparttar 109330 employer carry out your duties "so far as is reasonably practicable".

This means thatrepparttar 109331 duties on employers are not absolute duties and a balance has to be struck between taking precautions andrepparttar 109332 cost of those precautions.

This is whyrepparttar 109333 law is amplified by Precedents,Approved Codes of Practice (ACOPs) Codes and Guidances.

One explanation ofrepparttar 109334 words "reasonably practicable" is that such a duty is to be applied as far as is technically possible or feasible when weighingrepparttar 109335 risks againstrepparttar 109336 costs of takingrepparttar 109337 measures necessary for avertingrepparttar 109338 risks.

There is always scope for argument about what is and is not "reasonably practicable". But it is a fact that provided you follow good practice there is no need to fear any personal responsibility as a result of an accident.

The hazard of death by drowning during a visit torepparttar 109339 local swimming pool could be a major one butrepparttar 109340 risk may be low because of supervision and flotation aids and trained First Aiders with expertise in Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) on hand.

Equally,repparttar 109341 hazard of tripping whilst walking between demonstrations could be a minor one butrepparttar 109342 risk may be high if children are allowed to run around in an uncontrolled way.

All Teachers need to know something about Risk Assessment and this is one ofrepparttar 109343 major points of this article highlighting how to look at Hazards and Risks as applied to educational visits and trips.

Risk Assessment for Educational Visits - General Procedures UK safety practice is laid down in Policies, Procedures, Guidance and Regulations which require Visit Group Leaders, Educational Visit CO-ordinators ,teachers and their employers to takerepparttar 109344 following risk assessments and control steps. The Group Leader will take primary responsibility for reviewing and agreeing these forrepparttar 109345 specific Educational Trip and Visit for which they may be appointed:

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